Sun, 05 Dec 2021

How braces work and how they get your teeth straight

22 Oct 2021, 19:42 GMT+10

We've put together this comprehensive reference to learning how braces operate to straighten your teeth to assist you with settling on the best choice about which orthodontic treatment plan is right for you. Find out what your teeth can expect with this treatment solution from the field of orthodontics.

Over the years, orthodontists have improved the experience of using appliances orthopedic to create a process that uses a slow, steady pressure that moves the teeth into their proper with the passage of time positions.

How Do Braces Work?

In order for the teeth to align properly with conventional braces, there are several things that must work at the same time.

The components

With traditional braces, we use various components and tools to straighten your teeth:

  • The bracket is actually an individual ceramic or metal 'device' that is attached to each tooth with dental glue. Together, they form the orthodontic appliance.
  • The archwire is a fine metal wire that is passed through the brackets in order to apply gentle pressure and move the teeth into their ideal alignment. That is, join the brackets.
  • Ligatures, also known as rubber bands or elastic ligatures are used to attach the archwire to the brackets. Ligatures come in multiple colors, and you can change the color each time you visit the orthodontist.
  • The elastics are used in cases required a little pressure to straighten and direct the teeth in proper alignment. The gums are hooked from the brackets of the upper teeth to the brackets of the lower teeth.
  • Sometimes additional tools such as tubes, hooks, loops, springs, steel ties and bite correctors are used in the most special cases.
  • How does it work?

    Through a process called bone reshaping, braces apply gentle and constant pressure on the teeth to encourage the jaw bone to begin to adjust, and ultimately to keep the teeth in their new alignment for the rest of their life.

    Bone reshaping works through the use of brackets and arches, which align each tooth in its correct position.

    As your teeth move into the new positions, thicker archwires are used and your braces are adjusted to apply additional pressure and constantly move your teeth into the correct position.

    Once we've determined that your teeth have relocated to their proper position, they'll put retainers in place to keep them there while the bone tissue around them heals. and jaw fully adapts to the new positions.

    With the proper use of the retainer, the new and improved smile will last a lifetime.


    Generally, the bone reshaping process takes 3 to 5 days to begin once the braces are placed.

    Some pain may be felt for the first few days or even weeks as the teeth and jaw respond to the changes in mouth pressure.

    Once the process starts, it takes around three months to start reshaping the bone, and it usually takes 1 to 3 years to fully stabilize the new bone and build a new smile.

    Are There Different Types Of Braces?

    There are various sorts of braces, depending on what we are looking for and our orthodontist advises us.

  • Metal braces: They are the most basic of orthodontic appliances. They consist of stainless steel metal supports that are connected by a thin arch of wire. The combination of the brackets and the wire work together to push and pull the teeth into correct alignment
  • Aesthetic brackets: They are brackets made of another type of material. There are sapphire, ceramic and transparent brackets. There are even combinations of the different materials. They are less visible as they are mostly transparent or tooth-colored. Their disadvantage is that they tend to be more fragile than conventional braces.
  • Lingual brackets: Its operation is the same as that of the traditional bracket. The difference lies in the position where it is placed. Lingual brackets are not visible when smiling.
  • Self legating brackets: The difference of these brackets is that they do not have rubber bands to insert the ligatures, but rather have a specific device as a mechanism that opens or closes to insert the ligatures.
  • This type of bracket produces a lower traction force.

    How Long Does An Orthodontic Treatment With Braces Last?

    Normally this time to wear orthodontics will be determined by the orthodontist and it may be lengthened or shortened depending on your evolution. Normally the treatment usually lasts about 24 months, but if the case is not very serious it can be for a year.

    Remember that depending on the degree to correct and how you evolve, the time is variable.

    To protect the braces it is important to know what foods can be eaten and which ones we should be more careful with.

    Foods to Avoid With Braces

    For the first few days after putting your braces on , it is recommended that you only eat soft foods. A bad bite can damage teeth and extend the duration of orthodontic treatment.

    As explained by an orthodontist the hard foods specifically can be harmful to the brackets. Avoid biting these foods with your front teeth, but cut them into small pieces before eating:

    • Raw vegetables
    • Crusty bread
    • Pizza crust
    • Meat with bone
    • Corn on the cob
    • Apples
    • Raw carrot

    Avoid eating the following items for the length of your orthodontic treatment:

    • Foods that are crunchy such as partially popped popcorn kernels, ice, pretzels, hard cookies, and potato chips.
    • Sticky foods like candy, gummies, sugar gum, and hard candy.
    • Chewy foods such as bread crumbs and the like

    Differences between Brackets vs. Invisalign

    It's critical to understand the differences between braces and Invisalign so you can make the best option for your lifestyle.


    They consist of metal or ceramic brackets on the teeth and a wire arch that connects the brackets.

    Teeth movement from braces

    Over time, apply consistent, mild pressure to your teeth to help them migrate into the right locations.

    It requires visiting the orthodontist every 6-8 weeks for follow-up visits to check progress and adjust the wires.

    You should avoid the food list (noted above). They are usually shorter treatments in time to achieve results.


    It consists of a series of clear, custom and removable aligners. The aligners are exchanged every week so that the teeth gradually align over time.

    It is possible to remove aligners when eating, brushing, or flossing. Requires visiting the orthodontist every 12 weeks for check-up appointments.

    Invisalign is a treatment equal to or more expensive than braces. It is necessary to perform a scan of your mouth or impressions of it.

    You may need more treatment time to solve the same problem regarding braces.

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